Review of electromagnetism; geometrical optics, analysis of optical systems; wave properties of light, Gaussian beams, beam optics; interaction of light with matter, spontaneous and stimulated emission, optical amplification, theory and applications of lasers, optical interactions in semiconductors, light emitting diodes and diode lasers; detectors, noise in detection systems; light propagation in anisotropic crystals, Pockels and Kerr effect, light modulators; nonlinear optics, second harmonic generation, phase matching, nonlinear optical materials.
Introduction to Microsystems, MEMS and its integration with optics; Microfabrication and process integration; MEMS Modeling and design; Actuator and sensor design; Mechanical structure design; Optical system design basics; Packaging; Optical MEMS application case studies; Scanning systems (Retinal Scanning Displays, Barcode scanners); Projection display systems (DMD and GLV); Infrared imaging cameras; Optical switching for telecommunications.
Survey of the properties and applications of photonic materials and devices; semiconductors; photon detectors, light emitting diodes, noise in light detection systems; light propagation in anisotropic media, Pockels and Kerr effects, light modulators, electromagnetic wave propagation in dielectric waveguides, waveguide dispersion; nonlinear optical materials, second harmonic generation, Raman converters.
The following objectives will be met through extensive reading, writing and discussion both in and out of class.Build a solid background in academic discourse, both written and spoken. Improve intensive and extensive critical reading skills. Foster critical and creative thinking. Build fundamental academic writing skills including summary, paraphrase, analysis, synthesis. Master cohesiveness as well as proper academic citation when incorporating the work of others.
Crystal structure, reciprocal lattice, determination of crystal structure by x-ray diffraction, energy levels of a periodic potential, Bloch theorem, band theory of solids, crystal defects, lattice vibrations and phonons; electrical conductivity, metals, dielectrics, and semiconductors; magnetic effects, paramagnets, diamagnets, ferromagnets, and superconductors; optical properties of materials, refractive index, dispersion, absorption and emission of light, nonlinear optical materials, high harmonic generation, Raman effect.
Classical thermodynamics: enthalpy, entropy, free energies, equilibria; introduction to statistical thermodynamics to describe the properties of materials; kinetic processes; diffusion of mass, heat, energy; fundamentals of rate processes in materials, kinetics of transformations.
Thermal and mechanical properties of metals, polymers, ceramics and composites in relation to their structure & morphology; change in microstructural mechanisms and macroscopic behaviour with temperature; crystallization, melting & glass transition, stress-strain behaviour; elastic deformation, yielding, plastic flow; viscoelasticity; strengthening mechanisms, fracture, fatigue, creep
Nomenclature, tacticity, molecular weight, physical state: amorphous/crystalline, properties & applications: elastomers, fibers, plastics; Synthesis of polymers: step growth polymerization, chain growth polymerization; Special materials: supramolecular structures, liquid crystalline materials.
Differences between the small molecules and macromolecules, different groups of polymers under addition and condensation polymers; thermosets and thermoplastics, basic structural features and the related properties: backbone , pendant group, intermolecular interactions, intramolecular interactions, diluents, crosslinking, block copolymers. Also discusses supramolecular structures, blends, composites and IPNs; free volume, packing, energy of mixing, crystallization, Flory-Huggins, Flory-Fox equation.
Crystal structures, Synthesis methods, determination of crystal structures; imperfections, defects in metals and ceramics, vacancies, substitutional and interstitial impurities, dislocation defects in ionic solids, Phase diagrams.
Electrical properties of materials, band theory of solids, electrical conductivity, metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics; magnetic phenomena, ferromagnetism and diamagnetism, superconductors; optical properties of materials, refractive index, dispersion, absorption and emission of light, nonlinear optical properties, Mechanical Properties of solids, Deformation and strengthening mechanisms of materials.
An examination of the laws of thermodynamics, application of thermodynamics to the properties of gases, liquids and solids, solutions, phase and chemical equilibria. Kinetic theory of gases, introduction to statistical thermodynamics. The rates of chemical reactions, rate laws, molecular motion in gases, and liquids, diffusion. Molecular interactions.
This advanced course will help students to understand fundamental methods used for materials characterization. Students will learn principles and applications of detectors and amplifiers, optical spectroscopy, electron and scanning probe microscopy, X-ray diffraction, fluorescence and spectroscopic methods, surface analysis techniques. Students will be able to use the knowledge in the broad area of materials research. By the end of the course, the students will be able to choose appropriate methods for characterizing each specific type of materials and to treat and analyze the data obtained by such techniques.
Molecular symmetry, group theory, reducible and irreducible representation, character tables, introduction to vibrational spectroscopy, Raman effect, infrared absorption, selection rules, pure rotational spectroscopy, normal modes, prediction and interpretation of the vibrational spectra of polyatomic species.
Materials behavior using phenomenological and microstructure-based approaches. Topics include
Statistical mechanics of the single chain, configurational averages, polymer solution statistics and thermodynamics, dilute and concentrated polymer solutions, the bulk state of polymers, critical phenomena and phase equilibria; numerical techniques for polymeric systems.
Classical theories of rubber elasticity, elasticity of the single chain, intermolecular effects, effects of entanglements, relationships between stress and strain, swelling of networks, critical phenomena and phase transitions in gels, thermoelastic behavior of elastomers, computational aspects.
Block copolymers, polymer blends and composites; design, preparation, properties and applications of multicomponent polymeric materials; phase separation in polymeric systems; structure-property relations in multicomponent polymers.
Intermolecular forces which govern self-organization of biological and synthetic nanostructures. Thermodynamic aspects of strong (covalent and coulomb interactions) and weak forces (dipolar, hydrogen bonding). Self-assembling systems: micelles, bilayers, and biological membranes. Computer simulations for ôhands-onö experience with nanostructures.
Interaction forces in interfacial systems; fluid interfaces; colloids; amphiphilic systems; interfaces in polymeric systems & polymer composites; liquid coating processes.
Materials for biomedical applications; synthetic polymers, metals and composite materials as biomaterials; biopolymers, dendrimers, hydrogels, polyelectrolytes, drug delivery systems, implants, tissue grafts, dental materials, ophthalmic materials, surgical materials, imaging materials.
Size related properties of nanoparticles; synthetic strategies, main characterization tools, stabilization, surface functionalization and technological applications.
Fabrication and characterization techniques for micro and nano electro mechanical systems, MEMS & NEMS (including: microlithography; wet & dry etching techniques; physical & chemical vapor deposition processes; electroplating; bonding; focused ion beams; top-down approaches - electron-beam lithography, SPM, soft lithography - ; bottom-up techniques based on self-assembly). Semiconductor nanotechnology. Nanotubes & nanowires. Biological systems. Molecular electronics.